Source Text Problems

Indicate where text in the print edition is missing, illegible, or apparently incorrect.

Problem Element Attribute Description
partly illegible <unclear>

@reason

@cert

contains a word, phrase, or passage which cannot be transcribed with perfect confidence because it is partly illegible in the source. Add @reason and @cert.
completely illegible <gap> @reason indicates a point where material has been omitted in a transcription because the material is completely illegible or invisible.
misspelling

<choice>

<sic>

<corr>

encodes a choice between the original misspelling <sic> in the copy text and the correction <corr>.
<choice>
    <sic>whethes</sic>
    <corr>whether</corr>
</choice>
interpolated text <supplied>

@cert

@evidence

@reason

@source

Signifies text supplied by the editor when the original is completely illegible, or because of an obvious omission by the author. Include all attributes to indicate the source text.

Allowable attribute values

attribute value description
@cert
high a high degree of confidence
medium a moderate degree of confidence
low a low degree of confidence
unknown confidence level unknown
@evidence
internal there is internal evidence to support the intervention.
external there is external evidence to support the intervention.
conjecture the intervention or interpretation has been made by the editor or scholar on the basis of their expertise.
@reason
damage damage to the original from mold, staining, yellowing, etc.
faded type is too light to be read confidently
illegible other reasons for unreadability
omitted-in-original missing from the original scan
overbinding text is lost in the inside margin of the scanned imaged
@source
#UM-HT U. of Michigan source in Hathi Trust
#NYPL-HT New York Public Library source in Hathi Trust
#GRI-HT Getty Research Institute source in Hathi Trust
#UCH-HT U. of Chicago source in Hathi Trust
#PSU-HT Pennsylvania State Univ. source in Hathi Trust
#UWI-HT U. of Wisconsin source in Hathi Trust
#CORU-HT Cornell U. source in Hathi Trust
#HU-HT Harvard U. source in Hathi Trust
#MSU-Ht Michigan State U. source in Hathi Trust
#UC-HT U. of California source in Hathi Trust
#COLU-HT Columbia Univ. source in Hathi Trust
#UI-HT U. of Illinois source in Hathi Trust
#OSU-HT Ohio State U. source in Hathi Trust
#PU-HT Princeton U. source in Hathi Trust